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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-8

Examining the relevance of Yamas and Niyamas to Toyota


CEO, Vemuri Consultants Private Limited, India and CEO, Kaipa Group, USA

Correspondence Address:
Chandrasekahar Prasad Vemuri
6 3 595/9, Padmavathi Nagar, Kahairatabad, Hyderabad - 500 004

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-5633.157986

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Yamas and Niyamas are the social and personal conduct observances in Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. There were reports in the literature that they came close to the Code of Conduct Guidelines (CCGs) and the basic principles of Toyota. The purpose of this paper is to make an in-depth study of this observation to assess the relevance of Yamas-Niyamas to Toyota over and above its CCGs and basic principles. We carried out this study by tracking the revisions the company made over time in its basic principles and also by mapping the CCGs and principles to Yamas and Niyamas. During the revisions, we found that the principles that emphasize" happiness at work" (Santosha) and "humility and gratitude" (Easwarapranidhana) took a back seat which got again reemphasized when the company faced the latest recall crisis. The mapping has shown that the tenet asteya of the Yamas and Soucha of the Niyamas could not be directly mapped to any of the CCGs and principles. Yet, these are shown to be relevant to Toyota in its conduct before and during the recall crisis. Thus, it is suggested that it will be useful for Toyota to pay attention to all the Yamas and Niyamas which can supplement the existing CCGs and principles. This can equip the company to face an increasingly complex environment in the future. The study is carried out by an in-depth analysis of the already existing vast literature on Toyota and Yoga Sutras of Patanjali .


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