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 Table of Contents  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 35-41

Comparative study on individual's performance orientation and their aura life color


Faculty of Human Resource, PSG Institute of Management, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication22-Jun-2015

Correspondence Address:
V Vaidehi Priyal
PSG Institute of Management, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2347-5633.159126

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  Abstract 

Background: The purpose of this study is to analyze the individual's performance orientation based on their aura life color. Methods: For the present study, a questionnaire was framed to assess seven aura colors based on eight components, such as approach to physical reality, mental attitude, emotional makeup, social style, personal power and leadership style, financial choices, career options and spirituality, and individual's performance orientation factors: loyalty, workaholic and goal-orientation. Data from 189 respondents was drawn from service (academic and hospital) and manufacturing (textile and auto component) sectors in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu (India). Results: The questionnaire was subjected to reliability analysis and found to be reliable. The Independent Sample T Test analysis was done between aura life colors of higher (violet, indigo, blue, green) and lower (yellow, orange, red) order chakras with all performance orientation factors. It is inferred that individuals in aura life colors of higher order chakras are comparatively more loyal and goal-oriented when compared with individuals in lower order chakras. Similarly, it is identified that there is significant difference between individuals with violet - red, blue - red and green - red aura life colors with performance orientation factors. The result of which is, violet respondents are goal-oriented and blue respondents are found to be loyal when compared with respondents of red aura life color. Also, green respondents are found to be workaholic and goal-oriented when compared with respondents of red aura life color. Conclusion: The results of this study will guide researchers, in how performance can be improved by progression of individuals in aura life colors of lower order chakras to higher order chakras through spiritual management techniques.

Keywords: Aura life color, goal-orientation, loyalty, performance, workaholism


How to cite this article:
Priyal V V, Ramkumar N. Comparative study on individual's performance orientation and their aura life color. Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol 2014;2:35-41

How to cite this URL:
Priyal V V, Ramkumar N. Comparative study on individual's performance orientation and their aura life color. Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2018 Nov 12];2:35-41. Available from: http://www.ijoyppp.org/text.asp?2014/2/2/35/159126


  Introduction Top


In an organization, goal-oriented productivity is of significant achievement for its success. To achieve this, a strong, cordial and good relationship should be encouraged between employees and employers. It is assumed that when employees joined an organization, they intended to stay, grow and mature in that organization. First, loyalty meant the company would always provide regular pay raises, recognition and other tangible and intangible benefits. [1] Employee loyalty affects company performance, competitiveness and ultimately the bottom line. Today, the old employment contract is null and void. Employee loyalty cannot be taken for granted; it must be fostered and cultivated. The new employment contract encourages participative decision-making, career development, pay for productivity and flexible benefits. The employee's loyalty seems to be declining in all parts of the world. In USA, 32% percentage of US employees in 2010 who said they "are seriously considering leaving" their organization, while, in India, it was 28%. [2]

The next important factor that contributes for organization's achievement is the workaholism. Machlowitz, [3] described workaholics as very satisfied, productive, healthy individuals. There is general agreement that workaholism is a stable individual difference characteristic. There is also some consensus that workaholism is likely to be a central concept in understanding the relationship of workplace experiences, [4] typically involving work stressors, and a variety of work outcomes (satisfaction, job performance), extra work satisfactions (family, friends), and health indicators (psychosomatic symptoms, medication use).

Another factor is the individual's goal-orientation. According to Sujansky, CEO of KeyGroup, an organization's performance was equally contributed by goal-oriented culture of the employees. This is possible by establishing the seven important goal posts, they are: (1) Sharing the big picture with employees, (2) work with employees to set challenging, yet attainable goals, (3) give staff a real voice in your firm's future, (4) make sure their work is meaningful, (5) condone risk-taking, (6) install systems that measure productivity, (7) give feedback.

The human body is a biological system, surrounded by an electromagnetic field called the human bioenergy. This human radiation wave is a collection of electromagnetic waves of varying intensities flowing in and around the body, which vibrates at their own characteristic of frequencies. [5] This electromagnetic field, which radiates around the body is called as Aura. In human beings, it is a storehouse of all positive and negative energies. Aura's color, brightness, and range indicate the character, conduct, health and emotions of an individual. [6] That is why aura of holy persons is much wider and brighter than a common human being.

A lot has been learned this century, about the light properties of subtle energy fields and auras from the works of prominent scientists like Polish doctor Iodko-Narkovitz worked with photo-electricity and electrical field measurement, Russian inventor Semyon Davidovich Kirlian [7] experimented with the qualities and meanings of auras using photography and electrofield imaging, British doctor Kilner [8] invented a series of goggles and filters through which anyone can see auras in detail, also Harry Oldfield invented Polycontrast Interference Photography, which visualizes patterns of light radiating from biological organisms and inanimate objects.

The energy body of aura has seven layers, each layer being related to each of the seven energy centers called chakras. [9] If all the chakras are in harmony, programmed positively, aura will be wider with pleasant effects on the persons coming in the range. The human aura may extend from a few centimeters up to a few meters, which varies from person to person. It is important to keep the aura free from negative energies such as anger, worry, fear and such other emotions that disturb the normal functioning of physical, mental and emotional systems. [10] The aura's health can be maintained, for instance, by regular practice of yoga, meditation, Tai Chi, pranic healing, classical sound therapy or Reiki. A healthy aura signifies healthy body, mind, and spirit.

The main purpose of the present study is to compare the individual's performance orientation-loyalty, workaholism, goal-orientation - and their aura life color of higher (violet, indigo, blue, green) or lower order chakras (yellow, orange, red).


  Overview of literature Top


The review of literature is categorized under two concepts namely performance oriented factors and aura.

Review on performance

The organizational success and outcome are highly depended on the individual's loyalty, workaholics and goal orientation, which ultimately result in individual's performance.

Several authors have reported a positive relationship between goal orientation and job satisfaction. [11],[12],[13] This could be achieved by motivational beliefs, [14],[15] wages, [16] learning opportunities and behaviors [17],[18],[19] and competition among the individuals. [20] Learning culture definitely moderates the planning communication effectiveness on goal achievement and firm success. [21] According to Gelderen et al., [17] learning opportunities and learning behaviors are related to three outcome measures: A performance outcome (goal achievement), a personal growth outcome (skill development), and an effective evaluation outcome (satisfaction).

Individual's loyalty to job performance is related to employee's attitude and behavior, [22],[23] commitment, [24] involvement, [25] interpersonal relations, [26] satisfaction [27],[28],[29],[30] and leadership style. [31] Individual's loyalty can be improved by top management communication and organizational commitment, and stronger learning achievement and learning behaviors. [32] The outcome of employee loyalty influences corporate performance and firm growth. [27],[33] According to Wan, [34] management executives could perhaps use the results of the analysis to redesign their management policies so as to shift from brain drain to brain gain.

The various characteristics of workaholism according to authors are identified as motivational orientations, [35],[36] organizational culture, [37],[38] attitudinal and demographic variables [39] and various other dimensions. [40] It was found that workaholics experience poorer health status, poorer social and role functioning than other nonworkaholic employees. [41] According to Friedman and Lobel, [42] through an environment of open, honest and fear-free communication, happy workaholics help unlock their employee's freedom to raise and resolve such concerns, with better performance.

Review on aura

Personal aura depends only on the endogenous electromagnetic field of human, which depends on the internal psychological and metabolic processes and changes. [43] Since, the aura reflected the state of health, a method of auric diagnosis of illness was formulated. [8] It is identified that aura has association with interpersonal communication [44],[45] and interpersonal attraction. [46] Studies also discuss about determining aura through questionnaires [47],[48] and instruments like Aura Video Station, [49] Kirlian Photography [7] and Gas Discharge Visualization or GDV. [50],[51],[52],[53] The GDV camera has also been used to monitor the results of stress management training. [54] However from the literature review, it is inferred that the questionnaire to identify the aura of a person has not been widely used, especially in the Indian context. Furthermore, detecting aura through instruments is not user-friendly with regard to usage, consistency, and cost.

Conceptual framework

Based on the previous researches, it can be observed that aura can be linked with individual performance and the same is depicted [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Comparison of performance oriented factors (loyalty, workaholism, goal-orientation) between aura life colors of higher and lower order chakras

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Most of the individuals in higher order chakral development generating the aura life colors violet, Indigo, blue or green are high performers, since they are in the spiritual enlightenment progress. In general, the individuals in lower order chakral development falling under the aura life colors red, orange, yellow are low performers because of their materialistic bond. It is assumed that the individuals in aura life colors of the higher order chakras have high-performance orientation: Loyalty, workaholism and goal-orientation, when compared to individuals emanating aura life colors of the lower order chakras.


  Objectives Top


The objectives of the study are:

  • To determine the aura life color of individuals working in different sectors (academic, hospital, textile, auto component) in Coimbatore
  • To compare between individual's performance orientation and their aura life color.



  Methodology Top


Questionnaire design

In this research, two questionnaires are combined into a single assessment tool, to determine the performance of an individual influenced by aura life color. They are:

  • Aura Life Color Questionnaire
  • Performance Questionnaire.
  • The questionnaire on "Aura Life Colour" is framed based on 7 aura colors, which are violet (Crown Chakra), indigo (Third Eye or Brow Chakra), blue (Throat Chakra), green (Heart Chakra), yellow (Solar Plexus or Navel Chakra), orange (Sacral Chakra) and red (Base Chakra). The tool was designed from various questionnaires developed by aura experts and practitioners across the world, who have many years of rich experience in the field of esoteric science; they are: Bowers [47] (14 Aura Colours); Grand Master Sui, [55] who is the founder of Modern Pranic Healing and Arhatic Yoga; Fisslinger [49] (12 Aura Colours); and Oslie [48] (15 Aura Colours). The "Aura Life Colour Questionnaire" includes 112 questions, which were segregated under eight components, each component consisting of 2 questions each from all the 7 aura life colors. For example, in the case of spiritual construct violet aura are spiritually enhanced when compared with other aura life colors, gradually decreasing down the lower order chakras. The respondents have to make their response in a 5 point Likert scale varying from "Strongly Disagree" to "Strongly Agree"
  • The "Performance Questionnaire" consists of 15 questions totally, 5 questions in each of the 3 performance orientation factors namely: Loyalty, workaholism, and goal-orientation.


[Table 1] is the description of aura life color and performance orientation questionnaire.
Table 1: Description of questionnaire

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Questionnaire reliability and purification analysis

Reliability of constructs refers to the accuracy with which the constructs repeatedly measure the same phenomenon without much variation. The reliability of each construct and sub-construct in question was examined using Cronbach's alpha. [56] An alpha score larger than 0.7 is generally acceptable as sufficient accuracy for a construct. [57]

Purification is carried out by inspecting the CITC values of each variable with respect to the construct to which it belongs. CITC indicates whether the variable actually belongs to the construct or not. Variables showing scores lower than 0.5 are deleted unless there is a compelling reason to keep them in the construct. Some items with CITC values over 0.5 can also be removed, if the overall reliability of the construct in question improves as a result of the deletion (obtained by checking the "alpha if deleted" scores). [58]

Reliability and purification analysis were done for a 'approach to physical reality' is given in [Table 2].
Table 2: Reliability and purification analysis-alpha value for approach to physical reality construct

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From [Table 2], The CITC value of PB1 was 0.20; on deleting the item there was only a minimal increase in alpha score, so the item was retained. The alpha value of the approach to physical reality construct on 14 items performed by 189 cases was 0.76.

Reliability analysis was also performed for mental attitude, emotional makeup, social style, personal power and leadership style, financial choices, career options, and spirituality constructs.

Reliability was also done for performance orientation constructs. The alpha value for loyalty construct on 5 items performed by 189 cases was 0.61. Similarly, a reliability analysis was performed for workaholism and goal-orientation constructs on 5 items each by 189 cases and alpha value was found to be 0.69 and 0.78 respectively.

[Table 3] represents the details of the alpha value for aura life color and performance orientation constructs.
Table 3: Alpha value for "aura life colour and performance orientation" constructs

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All constructs have alpha value more than 0.6, indicating that the questionnaire is reliable. On purification of this questionnaire, the data collection was carried out.

Sampling design

The sampling method adopted was "Stratified Random Sampling." The sampling frame consisted of individuals from service (academic and hospital) and manufacturing (textile and auto component) sectors in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. The sample size was fixed as 250. Out of which, 189 respondents as detailed below, gave valid responses [Table 4].
Table 4: Sample description

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  Results and discussion Top


Aura life colors across sectors

To know the aura life colors across sectors, crosstabs analysis was done. [Table 5] represents the number of respondents in each aura life color across four sectors in Coimbatore.
Table 5: Respondent aura life colour across four sectors

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The crosstabs analysis revealed that maximum number of respondents had blue aura life color in all the sectors except textile, which showed maximum respondents in red aura life color.

  • Academic: Out of 99 respondents in academic sector, 51 respondents have blue aura life color, followed by green with 16 respondents of higher order chakras. In lower order chakras, 14 respondents in red aura life color. Whereas in other aura life colors, respondents were minimal
  • Hospital: In hospital sector, out of 36 respondents, 18 respondents were in blue aura life color, followed by red aura with 8 respondents. The number of respondents in other aura life colors was very scarce
  • Textile: In the textile sector, a maximum of 16 respondents were in red aura life color of lower order chakras, indicating they are not spiritually enhanced, rather are engrossed in worldly desires and materialistic attachment. Followed by blue and green aura colors with 7 and 5 respondents respectively of higher order chakras
  • Auto component: Out of 18 respondents in auto component sector, 9 respondents were in blue aura life color of higher order chakras, followed by red aura with 4 respondents. The numbers of respondents in other aura life colors were little.


Difference in performance orientation based on aura life colors

Difference based on aura life colors of higher and lower order chakras in performance orientation

Independent sample t-test analysis was done between aura life colors of higher order (violet, indigo, blue, green) and lower order (yellow, orange, red) chakras with performance orientation factors: Loyalty, workaholism, goal-orientation. [Table 6] reveals the result of the analysis conducted.
Table 6: Independent sample t-test between aura life colours of higher and lower order chakras with performance orientation

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From the [Table 6], it is inferred that there is a significant difference in loyalty between aura life colors of higher and lower order chakras (since in significant two-tailed 0.02 <0.05), null hypotheses is rejected. In loyalty, the mean of aura life colors of higher order is 4.17 and lower order chakras is 3.97. Hence, respondents in higher order are comparatively more loyal when compared to lower order chakras. In case of workaholic, there is no significant difference between higher and lower order chakras. Similarly, it is found that there is a significant difference in goal-orientation, between aura life colors of higher and lower order chakras (since in significant two-tailed 0.04 < 0.05). However, in goal-orientation the mean of higher order is 4.42 and lower order chakras is 4.26, indicating respondents in higher order are goal-oriented than lower order chakras.

Between individual aura life colors of higher and lower order chakras with performance orientation

The independent sample t-test analysis was conducted between individual aura life colors of higher order (violet, indigo, blue, green) and lower order (yellow, orange, red) chakras with performance orientation factors: Loyalty, workaholism, goal-orientation. The analysis reveals that there is no significant difference between aura life colors of violet-yellow and violet-orange with all performance orientation factors. It was found that between aura life colors of violet-red with performance orientation, there is a significant difference in goal-orientation between violet and red. The mean of violet is 4.74 and red is 4.25 indicating violet respondents are goal-oriented when compared with red. [Table 7], represents the analysis between aura life colors violet-red with performance orientation.
Table 7: Independent sample t-test between aura life colours violet-red with performance orientation

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Similarly, independent sample t-test analysis was done between indigo-yellow, indigo-orange and indigo-red with all performance orientation factors indicating that, there is no significant difference. When the analysis was performed between blue-yellow, blue-orange and blue-red with performance orientation factors, it was found that between aura life colors of blue-red there is a significant difference in loyalty between blue and red. The mean of blue is 4.19 and red is 3.98 indicating blue respondents are loyal when compared with red.

From the independent sample t-test, it was also found that there was no significant difference between aura life colors of green-yellow and green-orange with performance orientation. Whereas, significant difference in workaholic and goal-orientation was identified between green-red. The mean of green is 4.25 and red is 4.03 revealing green respondents are workaholic than red, also the mean of green is 4.52 and red is 4.25 indicating again green respondents are goal-oriented when compared with red.


  Implications Top


On finding out the differences in individual aura life color with performance orientation factors: Loyalty-workaholism-goal-orientation, through questionnaire; its understood individuals with aura life colors of higher order chakras are comparatively more loyal and goal-oriented than aura life colors of lower order chakras. The assessment tool helps the human resource managers to understand the link between "Aura Life Color and Performance Orientation," maintain a record, monitor and keep track of their performance. By rising individuals from lower to higher order chakras, there will be development in human functioning relative to progress, productivity, and positivity, which will be a foundation for an individual performance. Thus, the study helps to improve the individual's performance by the transition of respondents from aura life colors of a lower order to higher order chakras through spiritual management tools.


  Conclusion Top


This comparative study between performance orientation and aura life color of higher (violet, indigo, blue, green) and lower (yellow, orange, red) order chakras indicates that there is significant difference in loyalty and goal-orientation. On finding out the differences in individual aura life color with performance orientation through questionnaire, it's understood that aura life colors of higher order chakras are high performers when compared with aura life colors of lower order chakras. This result will guide for future implications in how performance can be improved by the progression of individuals in aura life colors of lower order chakras to higher order chakras through spiritual management techniques.

 
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