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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-12

Bhutonmada's of harita samhita: An explorative study


Department of Kaya Chikitsa, SKS Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, SKS Group of Institutions, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kshama Gupta
Department of Kayachikitsa, SKS Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijny.ijoyppp_13_19

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“Harita” was a sage of great antiquity, and he was contemporary of “Agnivesha.” “Harita” has composed a treatise named “Harita samhita” based on the teachings of his preceptor “Punarvasu Atreya.” “Bhoota vidya” (demonology/psychiatry) is explained in 55th chapter of the third sthana (section) of “Harita samhita.” The etiology, number of graha's (demons), their description, and treatment aspects are explained differently in “Harita samhita” from other texts. Previous works have demonstrated that various bhutonmadas or grahonmadas have shown similarity with different psychiatric or neuropsychiatric conditions. The present article explores different “bhutonmada's” /“grahonmada's” (disease caused by the possession of demons) explained in “Harita samhita” along with their clinical significance in the present dayAyurvedic psychiatry practice. Bhutonmada/grahonmada is a psychiatric condition characterized by abnormal behavior in terms of exhibition of strength, energy, valour and enthusiasm, defects in perception, retention and memory, abnormality of speech, and abnormality in perceiving self and environment. Ten grahas (aindra, agneya, yama, nairruta, varuna, maaruta/vaayu, kubera/yaksha, sira, grahaka and pishacha ) and clinical features due to their affliction are described in “Harita samhita.” Grahonmadas explained in Harita samhita have shown similarity with various psychiatric and/or neuropsychiatric conditions.


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