International Journal of Yoga - Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 42--45

Ayurvedic cosmetic reconstruction for aural keloid of ear piercing


P Pundareekaksha Rao 
 Department of Shalakya Tantra, Ayurveda College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
P Pundareekaksha Rao
Department of Shalakya Tantra, Ayurveda College, Coimbatore - 641 402, Tamil Nadu
India

Abstract

Aural keloid is a development of growth in the ear which developed after ear piercing. It can present unilaterally or bilaterally with a raised and irregular border. The present report deals with a case of “aural keloid” diagnosed as “unmantha” according to Ayurveda. Efficacy of treatment was assessed on the photography. The main objectives of the treatment were to provide relief in signs and symptoms of “aural keloid” and also to prevent reoccurrences. Total four assessments were done, before treatment and after follow-up. Shastra karma is done followed by kshara karma and internal Ayurvedic medicines with dietary restrictions along with the lifestyle changes. In the present case, the patient got “clinical cure” with good improvement in itching, redness/inflammation, and also in discomfort after the procedure. With the Ayurvedic treatment procedures followed by internal medicines seem to prevent recurrence/relapse with high cure rate with no adverse effects.



How to cite this article:
Rao P P. Ayurvedic cosmetic reconstruction for aural keloid of ear piercing.Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol 2016;4:42-45


How to cite this URL:
Rao P P. Ayurvedic cosmetic reconstruction for aural keloid of ear piercing. Int J Yoga - Philosop Psychol Parapsychol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 May 19 ];4:42-45
Available from: https://www.ijoyppp.org/text.asp?2016/4/2/42/217479


Full Text

 Introduction



Aural keloid is a development of growth in the ear which developed after ear piercing. It can present unilaterally or bilaterally with a raised and irregular border. Topical anti-inflammatory drugs, oral anti-inflammatory drugs, and topical systemic corticosteroids are used to treat “aural keloid.” There was no sufficient data regarding the efficacy of Ayurveda in the management of “aural keloid.” The present case report deals with a patient of “aural keloid,” not getting satisfactory relief (with recurrence) with modern medicines opt Ayurvedic treatment for sustained relief. “Aural keloid” can be correlated with “unmantha.” Keloids are benign skin lesions arising from the exuberant proliferation of collagen substance during the healing phase of wound.[1] The first description of abnormal scar formation in the form of keloids was recorded in the Smith Papyrus regarding surgical techniques in Egypt around 1700 B. C.[2] Although there are many theories about keloid formation, their etiology is still unknown. Abdalla Osman et al. claim that an autoimmune response to sebum trapped deep in the dermis may lead to keloid formation.[3] A disorder of the hormone that stimulates melanocyte is one of the factors that is accused of causing keloid formation.[4] Of all types of keloid, lobular keloid occurs has the highest incidence.

 Case Report



A 22-year-old female patient came to Shalakya outpatient department with the complaints of progressive lesion located on the right pinna which is painful and itchy. The patient has been suffering for 2 years. She noticed slight elevation was there at ear piercing, slowly it became nodular mass. The patient was diagnosed as having “aural keloid” and took anti-inflammatory agents and topical corticosteroids but did not get sustained relief. On examination, the lesion is expanding in nature. There was no vesiculation or oozing. There was no history of discharge from the mass. The patient was not having any addictions and she was nondiabetic. His vital signs were stable, and on systemic examination, there was nothing abnormal. The mass was superficial firm and hard in consistency, elevated with irregular borders, shiny, tender while pressing, mobile, and 7 mm × 7 mm × 5 mm in size at back of the right ear pinna. The adjacent skin around the lesion was indurated, but rest of the skin was normal. The anterior surface of the ear was within normal limit. There was no lymphadenopathy. Routine hematological and biochemical investigations were within normal limits. The patient was diagnosed as having “unmantha” is made clinically based on the history and clinical findings. Total four assessments were carried out before starting Ayurvedic treatment and after completion of follow-up. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for the publication of the present case report. It was suspected as benign mass hence full-thickness excision of mass along with healthy tissue was done under local anesthesia, and apamarga kshara was applied on the lesion.

 Discussion



The term keloid is derived from the Greek word cheloides, meaning “crab's claw,” because of its lateral extensions, resembling the legs of a crab, growing into normal tissue.[5] Dark races and Asian people are more likely to develop keloid than Caucasians, the incidence varying from 5:1 to 15:1.[6] Lobular keloid has been reported to occur as a secondary inflammatory response in patients who have undergone ear piercing at nonmedical institutions such as jewelry shop, at home, or school with a piercing gun, needle, and earrings. The lobular keloid appears as smooth, globular, and shinning swellings having the same color as that of the surrounding skin and may occur in one or both ears. Besides cosmetic complaints, others include pain, numbness, and itching.[7],[8],[9] There are no established methods for effectively predicting or preventing recurrence of the lobular keloid.[10] Prevention or treatment methods for lobular keloid include intralesional steroid injection, radiotherapy, compression therapy, surgical excision, silicone sheet application, laser therapy, cryotherapy, interferon-α injection, and pharmacological treatments.[1],[11],[12],[13] Surgical excision of keloids alone has a poor success with a high recurrence rate of 55%.[14] Lee et al. propose a new surgical technique to treat keloid without adjuvant therapy after surgery and called it keloid core extirpation. They found this technique to be excellent in preventing keloid recurrence.[15] In a recent study, it is reported that cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 enzyme gene expression is absent in abnormal scar-derived fibroblasts and may contribute to the development of fibrotic scars, and that COX gene expression could be modulated by hexose sugars and sucrose, especially in normal granulation tissue fibroblasts (about 90% decrease at maximum) and hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (almost sevenfold increase).[16]

Auricle keloid closely resembles with unmantha. Same colored painless swelling of pinna arising from vata and kapha and having itching is known as unmantha or galliri.[17] The Ayurvedic line of treatment for “karnaroga” consists of Shodhana and Shamana. In unmantha, the pinna should anoint with prepared with talapatra, ashwagandha, arka, fruits of bakuchi and saindhava, and muscle fat of godha and karka. Navana nasya should be done with surana and langali, tikshna dravya, and siddha taila.[18]

In the present case, virechana was done after snehapana (internal administration of pure cow's ghee) for eliminating the preaccumulated dosa. After attaining samyak snigdha lakshana (signs and symptoms to assess proper snehapana) medicine was given for virechana purpose. About 5 g of Avipathi churnam along with 10 ml of “eranda tailam” is prescribed at early morning on empty stomach. The patient got 6 vega's without any discomfort. After virechana, Samsarjana krama (posttherapeutic diet regimen) was observed for 3 days. There was a good improvement noticed immediately after shastra and kshara karma in signs and symptoms. Itching, redness/inflammation, and pain during pressing got reduced. The lesion was reduced in size and also the intensity. Before starting treatment, the size of lesion was 7 mm × 7 mm × 5 mm, which is reduced to 3 mm (width) during follow-up assessment. Kanchanara guggulu and triphala ghrita (for local application on affected areas) were prescribed after the procedure. Along with internal medication, pathya and apathya (diet protocol suitable to the patient and disease) and personal hygiene were advised to the patient to prevent recurrence. Dressing was conducted daily. Scar mark measured after 15 days as 6 mm × 6 mm × 1 mm (width). No adverse effects were reported by the patient [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6].{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}{Figure 4}{Figure 5}{Figure 6}

 Conclusion



Long-term follow-up is essential since it has high rate of recurrence and distant metastasis. The patient got clinically meaningful improvement by shastra karma and followed by kshara karma along with internal medicines and dietary restrictions. With the Ayurvedic treatment procedures followed by internal medicines seem to prevent recurrence/relapse with high cure rate with no adverse effects. The present study findings cannot be generalized, and further long-term follow-up studies with large sample are required to substantiate.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

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